Impacted Canines Localization and Its Impact on Dental Arch in Orthodontic Patients: A Novel CBCT Clinical Study

Life Sciences -Orthodontics

Authors

  • Yahya H. Y. Alfarra Orthodontic Unit, School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8576-5496
  • Tahir Yusuf Noorani Conservative Dentistry Unit, School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Jawaad Ahmed Asif Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Prince Mutaib Bin Abdul Aziz Hospital, Ministry of Health, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Wan Muhamad Amir Wan Ahmad Biostatistics Unit, School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Zainul Ahmad Rajion Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Diagnosis, Kulliyyah of Dentistry, Kuantan Campus, International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22376/ijlpr.2023.13.2.L211-218

Keywords:

Canines, Impaction, Orthodontics, Patients, CBCT, Dental arch

Abstract

Although impacted canines concerning dental arch have been analyzed in prior studies. However, there is a lack of evidence to analyze the impact of impacted canines on dental arch characteristics using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) models; therefore, knowing the impact of impacted canines on the dental arch can enhance awareness, contribute knowledge, and aid clinicians in managing impacted canine cases. Hence, it is critical to emphasize the strategies of proper diagnosis and interception for this clinical condition prior to any orthosurgical treatment procedures. This study aimed to analyze the impact of impacted canines on dental arch characteristics in orthodontic patients using CBCT. The method used was the review of clinical records of 350 patients with impacted canines who had CBCT scans and visited the dental clinics for orthodontic treatment pertaining to their arch by dividing them into a control group and a study group. The results revealed a significant relationship based on the dental arch dimension; inter first premolar width (IPW) (P = 0.012), inter first molar width (IMW) (P = 0.010), arch length (AL) (P = 0.041), palatal height (PH) (P = 0.019), and palatal height index (PHI) (P = 0.020). The article concludes that patients with impacted canines had significant changes in dental arch dimension compared to the control group. Dental arch dimensions were significantly deficient, with a higher palatal vault seen in impacted canine patients. The anatomical position of impacted canines has an effect on the dental arches and adjacent anatomical structures. These three-dimensional (3D) findings may provide clinical reference data for impacted canines and provide a valuable basis for delivering information and education on impacted canines assessment and treatment. CPD/Clinical Relevance: Canine impactions are common during routine examinations. Understanding the influence of impacted canines on the dental arch will help clinicians manage impacted canine patients.

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Published

2023-03-01

How to Cite

Alfarra, Y. H. Y., Noorani, T. Y., Asif, J. A., Wan Ahmad, W. M. A., & Ahmad Rajion, Z. (2023). Impacted Canines Localization and Its Impact on Dental Arch in Orthodontic Patients: A Novel CBCT Clinical Study: Life Sciences -Orthodontics. International Journal of Life Science and Pharma Research, 13(2), L211–218. https://doi.org/10.22376/ijlpr.2023.13.2.L211-218

Issue

Section

Research Articles