Prevalence of Risk Indicators of Heart Diseases Among Professional Male Bus Drivers

Life Sciences-Physiotherapy

Authors

  • V. Rajalaxmi Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr MGR.Educational and research institute https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7306-4537
  • R. Kirthika MPT, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr MGR.Educational and research institute
  • Mohan Kumar Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr MGR.Educational and research institute
  • N. Muthukumaran Faculty of health & sports science MAHSA University, Malaysia
  • K. Balathandayutham Lecturer, Annamalai University Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India
  • E. Kavitha Lecturer, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr MGR. Educational and research institute

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22376/ijlpr.2023.13.2.L219-L226

Keywords:

Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Blood Pressure, Framingham risk score, Body mass index, total cholesterol and hypertension.

Abstract

The study aims to determine the prevalence of heart disease risk indicators among male professional bus drivers. A quarter of all mortality is attributable toheart disease. The risk of heart disease is now more common among male professional bus drivers due to irregular diet, lifestyle and shift of work. This observational study included 100 male professional drivers selected by convenience sampling from an MTC bus stand (Chennai bus depot) and ACS medical college and hospital drivers. Face-to-face questioning strategies were administered to obtain information about their lifestyle conditions and shift of work from all participants. The Anthropometric measurement such as body mass index, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose level is measured by a handheld BMI machine, sphygmomanometer and glucometer. The risk score for the indicators of cardiovascular diseases (CVD)is estimated using a gender-specific Framingham risk score. The data analysis shows nearly 55% of subjects are in the low-risk category, 35% of issues are in the intermediate-risk category, and 10% are subjects in the high-risk category of developing a cardiovascular disease based on the estimation of 10 years of cardiovascular disease risk. The study concluded that bus drivers are at intermediate and high risk of developing CVD.Cardiovascular diseases have now become the leading cause of mortality in India. The risk of heart disease is more common among male professional bus drivers. The drivers are exposed to several possible risk indicators of cardiovascular diseases. Low physical activity levels were associated with higher CVD among male professional bus drivers. 

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Published

2023-03-01

How to Cite

Rajalaxmi, V., Kirthika, R., Kumar, M. ., Muthukumaran, N., Balathandayutham, K. ., & Kavitha, E. . (2023). Prevalence of Risk Indicators of Heart Diseases Among Professional Male Bus Drivers: Life Sciences-Physiotherapy. International Journal of Life Science and Pharma Research, 13(2), L219-L226. https://doi.org/10.22376/ijlpr.2023.13.2.L219-L226

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Section

Research Articles